# ANALOGY problems and solutions

1.     ‘Goitre’ is related to ‘Iodine’ as ‘Anaemia’ is related to

(a) Vitamin                   (b) Blood                     (c) Iron             (d) Weakness

Sol.:     The above question is based on cause and effect relationship. ‘Goitre’ is a disease and it is caused by the deficiency of ‘Iodine’. So, if ‘Goitre’ is related to ‘Iodine’ then ‘Anaemia’ will be related to ‘Iron’ as ‘Anaemia’ is also a disease and it is caused by the deficiency of ‘Iron’. so, our answer is (c).

2. ‘Seismograph’ is related to ‘Earthquakes’ in the same way as ‘Thermometer’ is to

(a) Fever                      (b) Doctor                    (c) Temperature            (d) Mercury

Sol.:    Seismograph’ is used to measure ‘Earthquakes’ and ‘Thermometer’ is used to measure ‘Temperature’. So  answer is (c).

3. ‘Dearth’ is related to ‘Scarcity’ in the same way as ‘Substitute’ is related to

(a) Replace                   (b) Rumour                   (c) Destroy                   (d) Assume

Sol.:     ‘Scarcity’ is synonym of ‘Dearth’. In the same way ‘Replace’ is synonym of the word ‘Substitute’. Therefore,  answer is (a).

4.  ‘Carpenter’ is related to ‘Furniture’. Similarly, ‘Blacksmith’ is related to

(a) Gold                       (b) Jewellery                 (c) Shoes                      (d) Metal articles

Sol.:     ‘Carpenter’ makes ‘Furniture’. Similarly, ‘Blacksmith’ makes ‘Metal articles'. So, our answer is (d).

5:     ‘Sailor’ is related to ‘Ship’ in the same way as ‘Lawyer’ is related to

(a) Legal                       (b) Law                        (c) Court                      (d) Ruling

Sol.:     The place of work of ‘Sailor’ is ‘Ship’. Similarly the place of work for ‘Lawyer’ works is ‘Court’. So, the answer is (c).