Crop production and management Worksheet-14

Crop production and management Worksheet-14


Comprehension Based Questions:


The preparation of soil is the first step before growing a crop. One of the most important tasks in agriculture is to turn the soil and loosen it. This allows the roots to penetrate deep into the soil. The loose soil allows the roots to breathe easily even when they go deep into the soil. The loosened soil helps in the growth of earthworms and microbes present in the soil. These organisms are friends of the farmer since they further turn and loosen the soil and add humus to it. Soil contains minerals, water, air and some living organisms.  In addition, dead plants and animals get decomposed by soil organisms. In this way, various nutrients held in the dead organisms are released back into the soil. These nutrients are again absorbed by plants. Since only a few centimeters of the top layer of soil supports plant growth, turning and loosening of soil brings the nutrient-rich soil to the top so that plants can use these nutrients. Paddy requires a lot of water. Therefore, it is grown only in the rainy season


  1. What is the initiative practice during cultivation?

(A) Sowing of seed                       (B) Selection of seed

(C) Irrigation                                 (D) Loosening of soil


  1. What is the significance of loosening of soil?

(A) Easy growth of stem             (B) Easy movement of water

(C) Easy movement of air          (D) Roots to breath easily


  1. Growth of which organism present in soil affects quality of soil?

(A) Ants             (B) Fungi           (C) Snail            (D) Earthworm


  1. Which organism is considered as friends of farmers?

(A) Snail            (B) Lichen         (C) Bacteria      (D) Earthworm


  1. Decomposed dead plants and animals present in soil forms-

(A) Lichen         (B) Humus        (C) Chemicals  (D) Fertilizers


  1. During cycling of matter, nutrients are absorbed by –

(A) Animals      (B) Earthworm (C) Ants             (D) Plants


  1. Cultivation of which plant require large quantity of water?

(A) Wheat                                      (B) Maize

(C) Gram                                       (D) Rice

(E) Groundnut                              (F) All