Points to remember


•    Though fats are essential for our body, eating too much fat can be harmful.

•    Excess body fat leads to a condition called obesity, which is harmful to our body.

•    Obesity may also lead to heart diseases.

•    In order to remain fit, it is better to limit fat containing foods like burgers, pizzas, samosa, kachori, etc.



•    Many foods contain protein but the best sources of protein are beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes like black beans and lentils.

•    Proteins build, maintain, and repair the tissues in our body.

•    Our muscles, organs and our immune system are made up mostly of proteins.

•    Our body uses protein to make hemoglobin; the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen to every part of our body.

•    There are other proteins that are used to build heart muscle.

•    There are different kinds of proteins: proteins from animal sources such as meat, milk are called complete proteins.

•    Most of the vegetable proteins are considered as incomplete proteins because they lack one or more AMINO ACIDS.



•    Vitamins are the natural substances which are found in plants and animals and they are known as essential nutrients for human beings.



•    Vitamin D is present in milk which helps in building our bones.

•    B group vitamins are present in green leafy vegetables which help our body to make protein and give us energy.

•    Vitamins are needed for the normal functioning of our body.

•    They help in keeping our eyes, bones, teeth, and gums healthy.

•    Some vitamins can be produced by our body but most of the vitamins must have to be supplied through food.

•    There are total 13 vitamins; each of which has specific function in our body.

•    There are 2 major types of vitamins:


Fat-Soluble Vitamins:

  1. When we consume food that contains fat-soluble vitamins, the vitamins get stored in our body and in liver.
  2. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are all fat-soluble vitamins.


Water-Soluble Vitamins:

  1. When we eat food containing water-soluble vitamins, the vitamins do not get stored in our body.
  2. Vitamin C and B group vitamins are all water-soluble vitamins.