POINTS TO REMEMBER
• Though fats are essential for our body, eating too much fat can be harmful.
• Excess body fat leads to a condition called obesity, which is harmful to our body.
• Obesity may also lead to heart diseases.
• In order to remain fit, it is better to limit fat containing foods like burgers, pizzas, samosa, kachori, etc.
• Many foods contain protein but the best sources of protein are beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes like black beans and lentils.
• Proteins build, maintain, and repair the tissues in our body.
• Our muscles, organs and our immune system are made up mostly of proteins.
• Our body uses protein to make hemoglobin; the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen to every part of our body.
• There are other proteins that are used to build heart muscle.
• There are different kinds of proteins: proteins from animal sources such as meat, milk are called complete proteins.
• Most of the vegetable proteins are considered as incomplete proteins because they lack one or more AMINO ACIDS.
• Vitamins are the natural substances which are found in plants and animals and they are known as essential nutrients for human beings.
• Vitamin D is present in milk which helps in building our bones.
• B group vitamins are present in green leafy vegetables which help our body to make protein and give us energy.
• Vitamins are needed for the normal functioning of our body.
• They help in keeping our eyes, bones, teeth, and gums healthy.
• Some vitamins can be produced by our body but most of the vitamins must have to be supplied through food.
• There are total 13 vitamins; each of which has specific function in our body.
• There are 2 major types of vitamins: