Deficiency of vitamins


Vitamin A

•    Sources: Green leafy vegetables, fruits, butter, egg yolk, carrots, and fish

•    Function: Keeps eyes, hair, and skin healthy

•    Deficiency disease: Night blindness

•    Symptoms: Dryness of eyes; improper eye vision


Vitamin B1

•    Sources: Eggs, whole grains, and sprouts

•    Function: Aids in digestion; helps in proper functioning of nervous system

•    Deficiency disease: Beriberi

•    Symptoms: Inflammation of nerves; digestive problems and heart abnormalities


Vitamin B2

•    Sources: Eggs, milk, and green leafy vegetables

•    Function: Keeps skin and mouth healthy

•    Deficiency disease: Skin disorders

•    Symptoms: Irritation in eyes; skin and intestinal disorders; inflammation of the tongue


Vitamin B12

•    Sources: Meat

•    Function: Formation of red blood cells

•    Deficiency disease: Anaemia

•    Symptoms: Pale skin; lack of stamina and appetite; frequent headaches


Vitamin C

•    Sources: Citrus fruits such as lime, orange,  lemon, tomatoes and sprouts

•    Function: Helps to resist infections and keeps teeth, gums, and joints healthy

•    Deficiency disease: Scurvy

•   Symptoms: Loosening of teeth; spongy and bleeding gums; increased susceptibility to diseases; slow healing of wounds; weakness; pain in the limbs


Vitamin D

•    Sources: Milk, fish, and eggs; sunlight

•    Function: Aids in the normal growth of bones in children

•    Deficiency disease: Rickets

•    Symptoms: Weak bones; joint and bone deformities such as bow legs , pigeon chest; softening of ribs; protruding abdomen


Vitamin K

•    Sources: Spinach, cabbage, or any other green leafy vegetable

•    Function: Helps in clotting of blood

•    Deficiency disease: Haemorrhage (excessive bleeding)

•    Symptoms: Affects clotting of blood

•    Some vitamins are very sensitive to heat and light. For example, vitamin C is easily destroyed during cooking.

•    Therefore, vitamin C rich foods should be eaten raw.

•    Deficiency of vitamin C leads to scurvy.