•    Minerals are the elements that are formed in the soil.

•    Minerals cannot be created by living things such as plants and animals.

•    Plants, animals and humans need minerals in order to stay healthy.

•    Plants absorb minerals from the soil, and animals get their minerals from the plants or animals they eat.

•    Many of the minerals in the human diet come from plants such as fruits and vegetables or indirectly from animal sources.

•    Our body uses minerals to perform many different functions—like building strong bones, transmitting nerve impulses, etc.

•    Minerals help in the formation of bones, teeth, and blood cells.

•    There are 2 main types of minerals:



  1. The minerals that are needed by our body in large amount are called macro-minerals.
  2. The macro-minerals group is made up of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chlorine, and sulphur.


Trace minerals:

  1. The minerals that are needed by our body in few amounts are called trace minerals.
  2. The trace minerals group include copper, iodine, zinc, manganese, cobalt, fluorine.