Components of Food Worksheet-1

Components of food Worksheet-1


Fill in the blanks:

  1. Foods containing fats and carbohydrates are also called _________.
  2. _________are also known as roughage.
  3. _________ is/are the main source of energy for the body.        
  4. _________ is essential for the growth and development of our body.        


Multiple Choice Questions:

  1. Raw potato will give positive test for:

(A) Starch            (B) Protein           (C) Fat                  (D) All of these


  1. Fish, meat, milk are:

(A) Body building food                   (B) Energy giving food

(C) Protective food                          (D) Any of these


  1. Calories are:

(A) A measure of heat energy in food

(B) An important nutrient

(C) Found in Earths’ crust


  1. Water soluble vitamins are:

(A) Vitamins A and D                      (B) Vitamins k and E   

(C) Vitamins B and C                       (D) Vitamins B and E   


  1. Which of the following food component/s is/are used for muscle building and repairing of damaged tissue?

(A) Fats                (B) Proteins         (C) Carbohydrates


  1. Which of the following is a source of fats?

(A) Wheat            (B) Cashew nuts  (C) Fruits


  1. Does milk (without adding sugar in it) gives Benedict’s solution test?

(A) No                  (B) Yes                  (C) Can’t say


  1. Carbohydrates are:

(A) Energy-giving food                  

(B) Protective food

(C) Body-building food


Multiple Choice Questions:  (with more than one option)

  1. Carbohydrates are further classified as:

(A) Simple           (B) Saturated       (C) Unsaturated

(D) Complex        (E) Any of these


True of false:

  1. During adolescence, a person’s body needs more nutrients to grow. Snacking between meals doesn’t help.
  2. Vitamin C helps body to fight against many diseases.
  3. We should eat foods containing large amount of fats as fats give more energy than carbohydrates.
  4. Beriberi is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin C.
  5. Calcium and phosphorous is essential for the development of bone and teeth.
  6. A balanced diet contains all the vital nutrients which are present in all components of food.
  7. Saturated fats are generally solid at room temperature.
  8. Table sugar contains sucrose.
  9. Obesity may lead to cardiovascular diseases.


Answer key:

  1. energy giving foods/ energy giving food/ energy-giving foods/ energy-giving food
  2. Dietary fibres/ Dietary fibre
  3. Carbohydrates/ Carbohydrate
  4. Food
  5. (A)
  6. (A)
  7. (A)
  8. (C)
  9. (B)
  10. (B)
  11. (B)
  12. (A)
  13. (A,D)
  14. True
  15. True
  16. False
  17. False
  18. True
  19. True
  20. True
  21. True
  22. True