The camel is the oldest of domestic animal. It has been used for thousands of years, by the desert people of Africa and Asia to supply many of their needs. On the fertile edges of the desert, camels pull ploughs, turn wheels to irrigate the fields and carry goods to market. In the desert itself, they are still almost the only means of transport. They supply food, milk, and clothing in the form of wool and leather. This useful animal is well adapted to life in harsh, arid lands.
The Arabian Camel has one hump;
The Bactrian Camel has two.
The hump is, in fact, a store of fat which is used as a source of energy when food and water are scarce. The camel can take up to 100 litres of water in ten minutes.
The camel has broad, soft feet for a steady grip in the sand. A thick skin protects it from the fierce daytime sun and bitterly cold night. The camel’s eyes have three eyelids to help keep out sand; its ears and nose are also adapted to keep out sand storms. Often called ‘The ships of desert’, they can carry loads of 200 kilos and more, travelling up to 160 kilometers a day.
(A) Does many works relating to their life
(C) Transports things
(D) Supplies them many things.
(A) Camels supply them many things
(B) They do various duties
(C) They provide them with essential things
(D) They are domestic animals
(A) They store it in their bodies
(B) They don’t have much thirst
(C) Their taking up much more water lasts long
(D) They have no liking for it
(A) Without them desert life is not possible
(B) They do many jobs
(C) They help the desert people in many ways
(D) They are never tired
(A) Very much (B) Great (C) Very strange (D) Very strong
Multiple Choice Questions (with more than one option):
(A) Ploughing the fields (B) Sowing the seeds
(C) irrigating the land (D) providing security
(A) This animal is well adapted to live in harsh, arid climate
(B) The fur on its body keeps the body warm
(C) The animal has three eyelids
(D) The hump on its body is a store of water
(A) milk (B) wool (C) leather (D) fibres
Fill in the blanks:
(1)–(A); (2)–(C); (3)–(C); (4)–(A); (5)–(D); (6)–(A,C); (7)–(A,C); (8)–(A,B,C); (9)–steady grip; (10)–two; (11)–100; (12)–Ship; (13)–Scarce; (14)–False; (15)–True; (16)–False; (17)–False; (18)–False