Delhi - Comprehension Worksheet

Delhi - Comprehension Worksheet

          Delhi, located on the banks of the River Yamuna, has been known to be continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century. Delhi is also widely believed to have been the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas during the times of the Mahabharata. Delhi re-emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city along the trade routes between northwest India and the Gangetic plain after the rise of the Delhi sultanates. It is the site of many ancient and medieval monuments, archaeological sites and remains. In 1639, Mughal emperor Shahjahan built a new walled city in Delhi which served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857.

          After the British East India Company got a foothold in North East India in the late 18th century, Calcutta became the capital of British held territories under Company rule (1774-1857) and remained so under the British Raj (1857-1920). British had captured Delhi by 1803 and George V announced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India would move back to Delhi. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s. When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government. As such, New Delhi houses important offices of the government, including the Parliament of India, as well as numerous national museums, monuments, and art galleries.

          Owing to the migration of people from across the country (mostly from the Northern and Eastern states of India), Delhi has grown to be a multicultural, cosmopolitan metropolis. Its rapid development and urbanization, coupled with the relatively high average income of its population, has transformed Delhi into a major cultural, political, and commercial centre of India.

          Delhi has plenty of parks and gardens. New Delhi, a part of Delhi is one of world's Greenest Capital cities. Delhi Ridge, the last leg of the Aravalli Range is known as Delhi's Green Lung. It runs through South Delhi and terminates in Central Delhi. This makes these two regions the greenest in the city. Owing to its greens, Delhi is home to such large number of birds that it is the world's most bird enriched Capital, only after Kenya's Nairobi.

          The definition of capital of India New Delhi within Delhi is unclear and complex. Even administratively, the demarcation between Delhi and New Delhi is not clear. Government of India and Government of Delhi have not clearly defined the area.

 

Multiple-Choice Question:

  1. The legendry capital of the Pandavas was

(A) New Delhi                               (B) Delhi

(C) Indrapastha                            (D) Calcutta

 

  1. Delhi is considered to be the commercial capital of India because of

(A) government offices               (B) Urbanisation

(C) Location                                  (D) Size

 

  1. World’s most bird enriched capital is

(A) Kenya          (B) Delhi            (C) Nairobi        (D) New Delhi

 

  1. The antonym of ‘modern’ is

(A) medieval     (B) new              (C) recent          (D) ancient

 

  1. The adjective of ‘develop’ is

(A) developing                               (B) development       

(C) developed                                (D) develop

 

  1. The noun of ‘continuously’ is

(A) continuous                              (B) continue

(C) continuation                          (D) continuing

 

Fill in the blanks:

  1. _____ is known as Delhi’s Green Lung.

 

  1. New Delhi was declared the capital of India in _____.

 

  1. _____ announced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India would move back to Delhi.

 

  1. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the ____ of the old city during the 1920s.

 

  1. _____ built a new walled city in Delhi.

 

  1. The word that means the same as’ populated’ in the first Para is _____.

 

True/False:

  1. It is the site of many archaeological sites.

 

  1. New Delhi is the seat of Indian government.

 

  1. British East India Company got a foothold in North west India.

 

  1. The British had captured Delhi by 1911.

 

  1. The demarcation between Delhi and New Delhi is very clear.

 

Answer key:

  1. (C)

  2. (B)

  3. (C)

  4. (D)

  5. (C)

  6. (C)

  7. Delhi Ridge

  8. 1947

  9. George V

  10. South

  11. Shahjahan

  12. Inhabited

  13. True

  14. True

  15. False

  16. False

  17. False