world institutions and their founders-1





 United Nations

Joseph Stalin (USSR), Winston Churchill (UK) and Franklin Delano Roosevelt (USA)
UN headquarter: New York city
Founded on: 24th October 1945
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation
 It is currently made up of 193 Member States.  Each of the 193 Member States of the United Nations is a member of the General Assembly.
India was among founder members of UN.
India is still not permanent member of UNSC (United nations security council)
US President Barack Obama has offered his support for India to become a permanent member of the Council. 

 Red Cross

Jean-Henri Dunant
Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize 1901
He wrote the book; A Memory of Solferino, which contained a plan: all countries should form associations to help the sick and wounded on the battlefield - whichever side they belonged to.The result was the establishment of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863, Medical personnel would be protected by the red cross in a white field.

 Boy Scouts

Baden Powell
The Boy Scouts of America is one of the nation's largest and most prominent values-based youth development organizations. The BSA provides a program for young people that builds character, trains them in the responsibilities of participating citizenship, and develops personal fitness.
A Scout is a boy or a girl, usually 10 –18 years of age, participating in the worldwide Scouting movement.

Bank PO, SSC IBPS exams preparations Video DVD by Alka Maheshwari

 Y.M.C.A. (Young men's Christian association)

Sir George Williams
Founder of YMCA Geneva : Henry Dunant


Kindergarten is a classroom program that consists of children ages three to seven years of age.  The programs range from half days to full days of school depending on the availability of the school system.
For most children this is the first step towards developing social skills in a group setting without the assistance of mom or dad.
Most kindergartens share the objectives of teaching social skills, self-esteem and developing a child's academic ability.

 Lion’s Club

Melvin John
June 7, 1917, Lions Clubs International was born.
To empower volunteers to serve their communities, meet humanitarian needs, encourage peace and promote international understanding through Lions clubs.
Almost 100 years later, Lions Clubs International is the world's largest service club organization, with 1.35 million members in more than 46,000 clubs and countless stories of Lions acting on the same simple idea: let's improve our communities.

 Salvation Army

William Booth
The Salvation Army is an integral part of the Christian Church, although distinctive in government and practice. The Army’s doctrine follows the mainstream of Christian belief and its articles of faith emphasise God’s saving purposes. Its objects are ‘the advancement of the Christian religion… of education, the relief of poverty, and other charitable objects beneficial to society or the community of mankind as a whole.’
Today, the Salvation Army,based in London, has branches in more than 75 countries. The Army operates evangelical centers, hospitals, emergency and disaster services, alcohol and drug rehabilitation programs, community centers, social work centers, secondhand stores, and recreation facilities. Voluntary contributions and profits from the sale of its publications fund the organization.

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 Nursing System

Florence Nightingale
The Lady with The Lamp
Pioneer of Professional Nursing


Benito Mussolini
Fascism is defined as a system of government where a dictator has complete control.
He outlines three principles of a fascist philosophy. 
"Everything in the state". The Government is supreme and the country is all-encompassing, and all within it must conform to the ruling body, often a dictator. 
"Nothing outside the state". The country must grow and the implied goal of any fascist nation is to rule the world, and have every human submit to the government.
"Nothing against the state". Any type of questioning the government is not to be tolerated. If you do not see things our way, you are wrong. If you do not agree with the government, you cannot be allowed to live and taint the minds of the rest of the good citizens. 

 Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther
Theologian Martin Luther forever changed Christianity when he began the Protestant Reformation in 16th-century Europe.


Adolf Hitler
The Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers’ Party – NSDAP) grew out of the German Workers’ Party. The Nazi Party came into being on 24th February 1920. Its leader, Adolf Hitler, required the party to accept and adopt the ‘Fuehrer Principle’.
This was the belief that Hitler alone ruled and governed the Nazi Party and that everyone else was below him and owed their position within the party to him.

 Montessori System

Maria Montessori
a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood. 


(the first style of abstract art)

Pablo Picasso
Cubism was a truly revolutionary style of modern art developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques. It was the first style of abstract art which evolved at the beginning of the 20th century in response to a world that was changing with unprecedented speed. Cubism was an attempt by artists to revitalise the tired traditions of Western art which they believed had run their course. The Cubists challenged conventional forms of representation, such as perspective, which had been the rule since the Renaissance. Their aim was to develop a new way of seeing which reflected the modern age.
By breaking objects and figures down into distinct areas or planes, the artists aimed to show different viewpoints at the same time and within the same space and so suggest their three dimensional form. In doing so they also emphasized the two-dimensional flatness of the canvas, instead of creating the illusion of depth.

 Amnesty International

Peter Berenson
Lawyer Peter Benenson launches the ‘Appeal for Amnesty’ in the Observer newspaper, after two Portuguese students are jailed for raising a toast to freedom.
Amnesty International unites people from all over the world to fight for human rights using our signature tactics

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