Verb Notes-1 [Level-5]

Verb Notes-1 [Level-5]


Doing words - come - work - play

Being words - am - was - will be

Verbs showing possession - has - have - had


Verbs have three tenses: Past - Present - Future. The tense denotes the time of the action done. Look at the given time-line to understand this:


‘Object' of a verb

Read the sentences:

The boy flies a kite.

The boy flies what?

Answer: a kite


Mother taught Samir.

Mother taught whom?

Answer: Samir


First let us understand 'object of a verb'

In the first sentence when we ask the question, 1 flies what? We get the answer 'a kite’


In the second sentence when we ask the question, Mother taught whom? We get the answer Samir.

These answers - a kite and Samir - are known as objects of the verbs 'flies' (sentence 1) and 'taught' (sentence 2).


Transitive verbs

Doing verb or verb showing possession - needs an object to complete its meaning (sense) - Transitive Verb.


  1. We eat food. - "Eat what?”

Answer: Food

Food = object

Eat = Transitive Verb.


  1. Mother gave me some money. - Gave what?

Answer: Money

Money = Object (1).

Gave whom?

Answer: Me. Me = Object (2).

Gave = Transitive Verb.


Ask the questions WHAT? or WHOM? to the verb.

If there is an answer the verb is transitive.


Intransitive verbs

The verbs that do not need an object to make their sense (meaning) complete are known as 'Intransitive Verbs’.


  1. The sun rises in the east.

Verb = rises.

Questions: rises what? - no answer.

Rises whom? - no answer.

Hence rises is an intransitive verb.


  1. We eat to live.

Verb = eat.

Questions: eat what? - no answer.

Eat whom? - no answer.

Hence eat = intransitive verb.


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