• Hygiene may be defined as the conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases.
• It is a specific set of practice associated with the preservation of health.
• Some regular hygienic practices are considered as good habits.
• So, maintaining good habits create a good hygiene.
• Good hygiene helps in preventing diseases.
There are some steps which should be followed for maintaining hygienic conditions of our body.
• We should bath daily.
• It is important to wash hands with soap and water before and after having food.
• We should take proper care of our eyes and ears.
• We must take proper care of our teeth.
• We must take proper care of our hair and keep our fingernails short.
• We must keep our surroundings clean.
• Tiny dust particles stick to our body every day.
o During summer, our body sweats.
o Sweat causes dust particles to cling to our body.
o Bathing is very important for our body.
• Soil contains germs.
o When we come in contact with soil, these germs are transferred to our hands.
o These germs enter our body and cause diseases if we eat anything using dirty hands.
• Eyes are important to us.
o We should avoid reading under dim light as it damages the eyes.
o It is advisable to wash eyes with cold water frequently.
• Our ears have a self cleaning mechanism and normally do not require cleaning.
o We must avoid poking sharp objects into the ear as this can cause damage.
• Teeth must be brushed at least twice daily.
o A special kind of thread, called floss, is also used for cleaning teeth.
o Regular flossing removes food particles trapped between the teeth, which are hard to remove.
• Our body needs rest for its proper functioning.
• You may have seen that newborn babies sleep most of the day.
• Adults need 6-8 hours of continuous sleep in a day to remain healthy.
• Inadequate sleep will result in improper functioning of body organs and can make you fall ill.
• Staying up late at night watching television is not a good habit.
• Exercise is essential for remaining healthy.
• Regular exercise improves blood circulation in the body and helps us to stay fit.
• Playing outdoor games such as hockey, football, and cricket is another way of staying fit.
• Yoga, an ancient system of exercises practiced in India, is also useful.
• Posture refers to body position.
• It is important for us to keep your back straight while standing or sitting.
• Leaning forward while standing or sitting puts an extra pressure on certain parts of the body.
• Incorrect posture, over a long period of time, can lead to diseases.