Some common communicable diseases are


SOME COMMON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES ARE


•      Communicable diseases spread through air, water, food, and touch.

Incubation Period:

•      The gap of time between the entry of germs into the body and appearance of symptoms is called incubation period.

 

Malaria:

  1. Malaria is caused by mosquito bite.
  2. Its incubation period is 10-14 days.
  3. The symptoms of malaria are:

       i.    Fever

       ii.   Constant shivering

       iii.  Perspiration

       iv.  Headache

       v.   Body ache

       vi.  Vomitting

 

Measles:

  1. Measles spread by very tiny organisms called germs.
  2. Its incubation period is 8-12 days.
  3. The symptoms of measles are:

       i.     Cough

       ii.    Fever

       iii.   Muscle pain

       iv.   Runny nose

       v.    Redness of the eyes

       vi.   Sore throat

 

Typhoid:

  1. Typhoid spreads through food.
  2. Its incubation period is 14-21 days.
  3. The symptoms of typhoid are:

       i.     Severe headache

       ii.    Fever

       iii.   Dry white coated tongue

 

Cholera:

  1. Cholera spreads by water.
  2. Its incubation period is 1-5 days.
  3. The symptoms of cholera are:

       i.     Vomitting

       ii.    Person feels very thirsty

       iii.   Severe watery diarrhoea

 

Tuberculosis:

  1. This disease is caused by germs present in the air.
  2. Its incubation period is 4-6 days.
  3. The symptoms of T.B. are:

       i.    Cough

       ii.   Loss of weight

       iii.  Excessive weakness

       iv.  Rapid pulse

       v.   Chest pain

 

Common cold:

  1. Common cold is caused by germs present in the air.
  2. Its incubation period is 1-3 days.
  3. The symptoms of common cold are:

       i.     Fever

       ii.    Cold

       iii.   Cough

       iv.   Sneezing

       v.    Headache

       vi.   Vomitting

 

Non-communicable Diseases:

•      Diseases that do not spread from one person to another are called non-communicable diseases.

•      Non communicable diseases are present at birth.

•      They are linked to an individual’s life style.

•      Some of the non-communicable diseases are caused due to the deficiency of a particular vitamin or mineral.

•      These are called deficiency diseases.

 

Table 4: Deficiency diseases: