Banker’s Discount: Suppose a merchant A buys good worth, say Rs. 10,000 from another merchant B at credit of say 5 months. Then, B prepares a bill, called the bill of exchange A signs this bill and allows B to withdraw the amount form his bank account after exactly 5 months.
The date exactly after 5 months is called nominally due date. Then days (known as grace days) are added to it to get a date, known as legally due date.
Suppose B wants to have the money before the legally due date. Then he can have the money form the banker of a broker, who deducts S.I. on the face value (i.e., Rs. 10,000 in this case). For the period form the date on which the bill was discounted (i.e. Paid by the banker) and the legally due date. This amount is known as Banker’s Discount (B.D.)
Thus B.D is the S.I. on the face for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted and the legally due date.
Banker’s Gain (B.G.) = (B.D.) – (T.D.) for the unexpired time.
Note: When the date of the bill is not given, grace days are not to be added.
Important Formula:Read More...
The system used for describing the position of a point in a plane is called Cartesian system.
The horizontal line is called the x-axis (abscissa), and the vertical line is called the y-axis (ordinate).
The coordinate axes divide the plane into four parts called quadrants.
The point of intersection of axes is called the origin.
The distance of a point from y-axis is called x-coordinate or abscissa, and the distance of the point from x-axis is called y- coordinates, or ordinate.
If the abscissa of a point is x and ordinate is y, then (x, y) are called the coordinate of the point.
► The sum of all the angles round a point is equal to 360º.
► If two lines intersect, then the vertically opposite angles are equal.
Angle a = angle b (vertically opposite angle)Read More...