Components of Food Worksheet-4

Components of food Worksheet-4


Fill in the blanks:

  1. Vitamin D helps our body to use ________for bones and teeth.        
  2. __________ is/are used to build body tissues such as bone, muscle, and blood.            
  3. ________mineral is the major component of haemoglobin.     
  4. A type of sugar present milk is known as ________.        


Multiple Choice Questions:

  1. Moong, beans, peas are:

(A) Energy giving food                     (B) Body building food

(C) Protective food                          (D) Any of these


  1. Which of the following has the maximum fat?

(A) Apple                                          (B) Potato chips

(C) Rice                                             (D) Moong


  1. Fats are insoluble in ________ but are soluble in ________.

(A) Acetone, water                         

(B) Water, Benzene     

(D) Carbon tetrachloride, water


  1. Which of the following is a chief source of protein?

(A) Pulses            (B) Fruits              (C) Wheat


  1. Eating excess of fatty foods may lead to:

(A) Diabetes       

(B) High blood pressure

(C) Obesity


  1. Raj adds the Benedict solution to the sample of water. He then heated the solution for about 1 min. He observed that the colour of the solution had not changed. What does the following observation indicates?

(A) Water does not react with Benedict solution

(B) The absence of sugar content in the sample of water

(C) The absence of starch content in the sample of water


  1. How many main components are present in a balanced diet?

(A) Four               (B) Five                (C) Six


  1. It is a staple food of India. It is a Kharif crop and requires plenty of water for irrigation. It is a starchy food (complex carbohydrates). Identify the food.

(A) Wheat            (B) Rice                (C) Barley 


Multiple Choice Questions:  (WITH MORE THAN ONE OPTION)

  1. Vitamins can be classified as:

(A) Water soluble                            (B) Oil soluble

(C) Fat soluble                                 (D) Saturated

(E) Unsaturated


True of false:

  1. Fats give much more energy as compared to the same amount of carbohydrates.
  2. Repeated washing of rice and pulses may remove some vitamins and minerals present in them.
  3. Complete oxidation of one gram of carbohydrate yields about 25-30 k joules of energy.
  4. Osteomalacia in adults is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B-complex.
  5. Roughage consists mainly of fructose.
  6. Table sugar contains fructose.
  7. Coconut oil is an example of unsaturated fat.
  8. Benedict’s solution is used to test the presence of fats in the foodstuffs.


Answer key:

  1. Calcium
  2. Proteins/ protein
  3. Iron
  4. Lactose
  5. (B)
  6. (B)
  7. (B)
  8. (A)
  9. (C)
  10. (B)
  11. (C)
  12. (B)
  13. (A,C)
  14. True
  15. True
  16. False
  17. False
  18. False
  19. False
  20. True
  21. False