Verb Notes-1 [Level-6]
Subject - verb agreement:
Singular subject - singular verb
Plural subject - plural verb
for 3rd person only with simple present tense verbs
The man goes to office by bus. (3rd person singular subject - singular verb)
The men go to office by bus. (3rd person plural subject - plural verb)
Nouns like food, clothing, furniture or stationery are taken as singular and so the verb will always be singular.
“A pair of socks/jeans/trousers” = singular subject. So, verb = singular.
‘A lot of’ / ‘plenty of’ - uncountable nouns - the verb is singular.
‘A lot of’ / ‘plenty of’ - countable nouns - the verb is plural. Examples:
‘Much’ - ‘a little’ - ‘news’ always take the singular verb while ‘people’ - ‘police’ - ‘cattle’ are always considered as plural and so will take the plural form of the verb.
When the sentence starts with 'There' the verb will agree with the actual subject of the sentence.
When words like ‘one of - ‘each’ - ‘either’ - ‘neither’ - ‘everyone’ are used in the subject, the verb which follows is always singular.
When two subjects are joined with "as well as" or "with" the verb will always agree with the number of the first noun (subject):
If the subjects are taken as one unit then the verb will be singular. Collective nouns are also considered as a single unit and hence the verb that follows will always be singular.
If the two subjects refer to the one and the same noun the verb that follows is always singular:
If the subject and the following verb are separated by some words, then the verb must agree with the number of the subject.
Even if the name of a country, a book, a film, etc. is denoted by a plural noun, the verb which follows will always be singular.
When a plural number is used for distance, weight and amounts of money as a single figure, it is regarded as a singular subject and hence the verb that will follow will take the singular form.
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