Adaptations for boreal forests



  • Numerous animal species are found in boreal (coniferous) forests. 

  • Most boreal animals migrate to warmer regions during winter.
  • Some animals hibernate during winter months.
  • Some animals have a thick layer of fur or feathers to protect themselves from cold.



  • The trees shed snow easily, and they retain their needles through the winter.
  • The needles themselves are well-adapted, with thick waxy coatings and small surface area, to resist cold conditions and minimize water loss.
  • Boreal forests receive heavy snowfall.
  • Trees have a conical shape which allows the snow to slide off easily.
  • Most trees found in boreal forests are evergreens.
  • Trees have narrowed; needle-like leaves.
  • This kind of structure protects the leaves from damage.
  • Growth of new leaves require a huge amount of energy.
  • The soil found in boreal forest does not contain many nutrients.
  • Also, these regions do not receive much sunlight.
  • Boreal forest plants are able to conserve energy by not shedding their leaves.
  • The growth of new leaves is also scarce.

Glimpse of boreal forest

  • Boreal forests are so cold that the ground freezes during winter months.
  • Because of this, the plants are not able to get water.
  • Narrow, needle-like leaves help boreal forest trees to conserve water.