• We should try to avoid accidents by following safety rules.
• However, if an accident still occurs, we should not panic.
• The injured people must be given first aid immediately.
• The most important thing to remember about first aid is that we have to keep ourselves safe.
• First aid is defined as the first or immediate help given to injured people before they are taken to a hospital.
• First aid is given for minor cuts and wounds that might occur while playing.
Figure 5: Do not play on the road and do not stand in front of the swing
First Aid for Burns:
• In case of minor burns, cold water or ice may be applied on the burnt area.
• The burnt area should be held under running water for some time.
Figure 6: First aid for burns
• An antiseptic cream or a paste of baking soda and water should be applied on the burn.
• If the burn is severe, a doctor must be called immediately.
• Do not try to prick any blister, if formed.
Figure 7: Applying antiseptic cream on burns
First Aid for Fractures:
• A break or crack in a bone is called a fracture.
• In case of a fracture, it must be ensured that the fractured part is tied with a straight object.
• If there is a fracture is in the hand, a cloth sling can be used to prevent movement.
• The patient must be taken to the hospital immediately.
Figure 8: A cloth sling tied on a fractured hand
First Aid for Animal Bites:
• The most common animal bites are caused by pets such as cats and dogs.
• Animal bites can cause a deadly disease called rabies.
• The risk of rabies is high if bitten by stray animals.
Figure 9: First aid for animal bites
• In case of an animal bite-
(1) Wound should be washed with soap and water,
(2) Antiseptic cream should be applied on the wound,
(3) Wound should be covered with a clean bandage.
• The patient should be taken to the doctor immediately.
Figure 10: Applying antiseptic cream on the wound
• A person bitten by a poisonous snake must be rushed to the hospital immediately.
• A tight bandage can be tied between the wound and the heart to slow the spread of poison in the body.
• For bee and wasp stings, a paste of baking soda and antiseptic cream should be applied.
Figure 11: Tying a tight bandage on the wound to slow down the spread of poison
First Aid for Poisioning:
• If a person is not careful, there are many sources of poisoning from items like:
o Naphthalene balls
o Paints, etc. that he can suffer from.
• Poisoning can cause a person to feel dizzy, get bluish lips, chest pain, fever, or even headache.
• In case of poisoning, the victim should be carried to a comfortable place and avoid crowding around him/her.
• We should check if he/she is breathing properly.
• A doctor should be informed immediately.
“Precaution is better than cure”