First aid


FIRST AID


•      We should try to avoid accidents by following safety rules.

•      However, if an accident still occurs, we should not panic.

•      The injured people must be given first aid immediately.

•      The most important thing to remember about first aid is that we have to keep ourselves safe.

•      First aid is defined as the first or immediate help given to injured people before they are taken to a hospital.

•      First aid is given for minor cuts and wounds that might occur while playing.

Figure 5: Do not play on the road and do not stand in front of the swing

 

First Aid for Burns:

•      In case of minor burns, cold water or ice may be applied on the burnt area.

•      The burnt area should be held under running water for some time.

Figure 6: First aid for burns

•      An antiseptic cream or a paste of baking soda and water should be applied on the burn.

•      If the burn is severe, a doctor must be called immediately.

•      Do not try to prick any blister, if formed.

Figure 7: Applying antiseptic cream on burns

 

First Aid for Fractures:

•      A break or crack in a bone is called a fracture.

•      In case of a fracture, it must be ensured that the fractured part is tied with a straight object.

 

For example:

•      If there is a fracture is in the hand, a cloth sling can be used to prevent movement.

•      The patient must be taken to the hospital immediately.

Figure 8: A cloth sling tied on a fractured hand

 

First Aid for Animal Bites:

•      The most common animal bites are caused by pets such as cats and dogs.

•      Animal bites can cause a deadly disease called rabies.

•      The risk of rabies is high if bitten by stray animals.

Figure 9: First aid for animal bites

•      In case of an animal bite-

(1)   Wound should be washed with soap and water,

(2)  Antiseptic cream should be applied on the wound,

(3)  Wound should be covered with a clean bandage.

•      The patient should be taken to the doctor immediately.

Figure 10: Applying antiseptic cream on the wound

•      A person bitten by a poisonous snake must be rushed to the hospital immediately.

•      A tight bandage can be tied between the wound and the heart to slow the spread of poison in the body.

•      For bee and wasp stings, a paste of baking soda and antiseptic cream should be applied.

Figure 11: Tying a tight bandage on the wound to slow down the spread of poison

 

First Aid for Poisioning:

•      If a person is not careful, there are many sources of poisoning from items like:

        o  Medicines

        o  Detergents

        o  Phenyl

        o  Naphthalene balls

        o  Insecticides

        o  Paints, etc. that he can suffer from.

•      Poisoning can cause a person to feel dizzy, get bluish lips, chest pain, fever, or even headache.

•      In case of poisoning, the victim should be carried to a comfortable place and avoid crowding around him/her.

•      We should check if he/she is breathing properly.

•      A doctor should be informed immediately.

 

“Precaution is better than cure”