Indian institutions and their founders-2

 

 

WORLD INSTITUTIONS AND THEIR FOUNDERS

 

India

 

 Jainism

Vardhamana Mahavira
Mahavira, also known as Vardhamāna, was the twenty-fourth and last Jain Tirthankara. Rishabha (Adinath) the first Tirthankara)

 Taoism

  Lao Tse

 Bahaism

  Mirza Hussain Ali

 Confucianism

Confucius
A Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.

 Sikhism

Guru Nanak
The first guru and
Guru Govind Singh ji was 10th guru

 Zorastrianism (Parsis)

  Zoraster (An Iranian prophet also known as Zarathustra)

 Bhoodan Movement

Vinoba Bhave
An Indian advocate of nonviolence and human rights.
Walked for 70k kilometers in 14 years and received 42 lac acres of land in donation for landless farmers.
Awarded with Bharat Ratna

 Sarvodaya Movement

Jaya Prakash Narayan
Loknayak
JP, Narayan played a pivotal role in the Quit India movement and earned a lot of fame and respect for this.
He came in the light of Gandhian thought he believed in the power and needs of non-violence and devoted his life to non-violent revolution for social reconstruction which is called sarvodaya movement.

 Ramakrishna Mission

Swami Vivekananda
Founded in the year 1897 in the name of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
12 Jan-Birth anniversary- National youth day

 Arya Samaj

  Dayananda Saraswathi

 Brahma Samaj

Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Father of Renaissance
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the 'Maker of Modern India'.
He was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj, one of the first Indian socio-religious reform movements.
He played a major role in abolishing the role of Sati.

 Dev Samaj

Shiv Narayan Agnihothri
One of the important religious and social movements in Bengal during the British period 

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 Prarthana Samaj

Kesab Chandra Sen
Dr. Atmaram Padurang founded the Prarthana Samaj. He got inspiration from Keshab Chandra Sen.
The Social Reforms of Prarthana Samaj included introduction of inter-caste marriage and widow remarriage, abolition of untouchability, dowry system, early marriage, polygamy etc.

 Suddhi Movement

Swami Shradhanand
The word “Shudhi” is a Sanskrit word and it means cleansing, purifying and freedom from defilement and purification.

 Chinmaya Mission

Swami Chinmayananda
A hindu spiritual leader

 Servants of India Society

Gopalakrishna Gokhale
One of the most notable pioneers of the national movement of India and the founder of the Servants of India society.
Gandhi considered this social reformer to be his political mentor. Gokhale was one of the senior leaders of the INC, and through the society he founded, he tried to reform the social and political norms for the betterment of the common people.
He advocated the application of non-violence.
Gokhale believed that education was the utmost important tool for every Indian to grow in life. His sole motive in founding the Servants of India Society was to create awareness among the people about their civil duties that can bring a major political change in the country. This society was formed to educate people about the current scenario of the country and their duties to improve it. They founded schools, colleges, established mobile libraries, and arranged for formal education for people living under the poverty line.

 Indian Association

Surendranath Banerji
one of the earliest Indian political leaders during the British Raj. He founded the Indian National Association, one of the earliest Indian political organizations, and later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress.
He used this organization to tackle the issue of age-limit for Indian students appearing for Indian Civil Service exams, a common grievance among Indian intellectuals. 

 Peoples Education Society

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Ambedkar's efforts to eradicate the social evils like untouchablity and caste restrictions were remarkable. The leader, throughout his life, fought for the rights of the dalits and other socially backward classes.
Chairman of the constitution drafting committee.
He launched a newspaper called "Mooknayaka" (leader of the silent).
Ambedkar adopted the Buddhism as his religion
 

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 Vana Mahothsav

K.M. Munshi
Van Mahotsav or the festival of trees is a festival celebrated in India in the first week of July.
This celebration was started in 1950 by Dr. K.M. Munshi the Agriculture minister for India during the same year.
As part of the celebrations, millions of saplings are planted by people of all age groups from all over the country in the Van Mahotsav week.
 

 Theosophical Society

 of India

Annie Besant
Annie Besant was a prominent Theosophist, social reformer, political leader, women's rights activist, writer and orator.
She was of Irish origin and made India her second home.
She fought for the rights of Indian and was the first woman president of Indian National Congress. She was the first woman to hold that post. 
She started a newspaper, "New India", criticized British rule and was jailed for sedition.
 
 
 

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