LANDING ON THE MOON
• The moon has been explored many times in the last half century.
• We probably know that astronauts landed on the Moon in 1969.
• And the astronauts landed on the moon more than once.
• The first men to go to the moon were the crew of the American space mission, Apollo 11.
• Apollo 11 was launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Florida, United States of America, on July 16, 1969.
• The rocket that carried it into space was Saturn 5.
• There were three American astronauts in Apollo 11 —Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins.
• Neil Armstrong was the first to step out, and thus became the first man to set foot on the moon on July 20, 1969.
• Amstrong and Aldrin stayed for two and a half hours on the moon and collected rock samples to bring back to Earth.
Figure 19: (a) An astronaut landing on the moon
(b) Aldrin’s footprints
• After Apollo 11, many more missions have been carried out to the moon and elsewhere in space.
• Some spacecraft have been manned, that is, had crew in them.
• But many unmanned spacecraft have been sent to orbit the moon and bring back information through photographs.