• Jute is a fibre obtained from the bark of the jute plant.
• It is cultivated during the rainy season.
• Jute grows best in loamy soil (mixture of sand, silt, and clay), sandy soil, and clayey soil.
• Almost 80% of the world's high-quality jute comes from Bangladesh.
• India, Bangladesh, China, Nepal, and Thailand are the main producers of jute.
(a) Jute plant (b) Jute
Way to jute fabrics:
Production of jute:
• The jute plant grows 6 to 10 feet in height and has no branches.
• The stem of the jute plant has a thick bark that has fibres inside it.
• Jute grows well in regions where it rains a lot.
• Jute fibres are obtained from the stem of the plant by retting.
• Jute fibres obtained from the bark of the plants are naturally glued together by a sticky substance.
• This sticky substance needs to be removed in order to obtain fibres.
• Bundles of the fibre are dipped in water which rots the stems and separates the fibres. This process is called retting.
• Jute is used to make packaging material, sacks, bags and even clothes, mats, ropes, rugs, jute slippers, hats, kurtis, ropes, mats, and sacks for packing and storing grains, etc.